Deportations of Jews
First Deportations 1939
»General Gouvernement«
Lodz ghetto
# »Reichskommissariat Ostland«
»Operation Reinhard«
Flight, Emigration and Death
Demography 1938-1945

After the first phase of deportations from the Reich and »Protectorate« to Minsk had been concluded in November 1941, 16 trains with more than 15,000 people from Vienna, Königsberg, Terezín/Theresienstadt and Cologne arrived in Minsk between May and October 1942. Following an order by Reinhard Heydrich, head of the Security Police and SD, the deportees were killed as they arrived in a pine forest a few kilometres from Maly Trostinec, a former collective farm.

The executions themselves followed a pattern and relied on the participation of 80 to 100 men, including members of the Schutzpolizei and the Waffen-SS. After arrival of the trains at the freight station in Minsk generally between 4 and 7 a.m., a detachment from the KdS office disembarked the newly arrived persons and their luggage. The people were then herded to a nearby place of assembly where another detachment from the KdS office relieved the Jews of their money and valuables. At this place of assembly KdS members selected those very few – between 20 and 50 people per transport – whom they deemed suitable for forced labor on Trostinec estate. Finally the deportees were driven on lorries from a loading point at the edge of the place to the trenches which were situated about 18 km away. This process remained unchanged for the first 8 transports. From August 1942 onwards the trains were routed via a branch line much closer to the estate itself, and from now on it was there that disembarkation and selection took place.

After the first transport from Vienna to Maly Trostinec on 6 May 1942 a further 8 transports containing 7500 Viennese Jews followed, along with several hundred Austrians taken there from Theresienstadt.

Only 17 people are known to have survived among the almost 9000 Austrian Jews deported to Maly Trostinec.


Rudolf and Hildegard Bergmann
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Rudolf (born on 16 June 1878) and Hildegard Bergmann (born on 10 June 1892) were deported to Maly Trostinec on 20 May 1942.

Alma Johanna Koenig
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The writer Alma Johanna Koenig (born on 18 August 1887) was deported to Maly Trostinec on 27 May 1942.

Letter from the "Schutzpolizei-Kommando" about providing transport commands Report on the deportation transport to Minsk/Maly Trostinec on 5 October 1942

Maly Trostinec